Juicing 101: What Is Juicing – A Great Beginner’s Guide

orange juice, beet juice, green juice, carrot juice
what is juicing

Congratulations on your decision to take a step in the direction of a healthier lifestyle by opting to implement juicing into your diet. If you are curious as to what is juicing and what is it all about, you’re in the right place! Think of this page as your one stop resource to get started with juicing.

What is Juicing? How Does Juicing Work?

Juicing consists of taking raw vegetables and fruits and running them through a juicer that either pulverizes it or crushes and squeezes the juice out of it. Most of the solid material and fiber are removed during the juicing process, leaving a drinkable liquid. This liquid juice is highly digestible and is extremely nutritious with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

There are some that make fanciful claims about juicing. This website doesn’t promote lies and misinformation for the sake of generating clicks. Juicing won’t cure cancer, for example. But some studies have shown that consuming healthy fruits and vegetables may help prevent it.

Juicing is not a cure-all. But it does provide many life-changing health benefits. Benefits such as boosting your immune system to help ward off certain cancers and heart diseases. In fact, there is no doubt that a healthy diet can prevent many of today’s common health problems.

What is The Benefit of Juicing?

Many people are unable to consume the fruits and vegetables recommended by nutritionists. If you are among them, juicing is a great way to boost the quality of your diet. Freshly squeezed juice is nutritious and hydrating. It also contains the vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants your body needs.

Consider the Modern Process of Manufacturing Orange Juice

Fresh juice provides more nutrients and tastes better than the bottled versions you see in the store. Consider the modern process of manufacturing orange juice. And yes, I say “manufacturing orange juice,” because that’s exactly what it is.

Once has been extracted from oranges, manufacturers must preserve the juice with sulfur dioxide or sodium benzoate. In fact, by the time you buy orange juice in a grocery store, it will be degassed, mixed with preserves, reduced to a concentrate to reduce transportation costs, reconstituted with water, perfumes, and dyes, and finally bottled.

This manufacturing process doesn’t leave a lot of room for the healthy nutrients and antioxidants found in natural juice.

But there is a better way. And that way is drinking fresh juice, squeezed by you in your own home.

Types of Juicers

The types of juicers are: Masticating (Vertical & Horizontal), Centrifugal, and  There are a handful of different types of juicers. Each excels in certain categories and with certain types of produce. As you begin your juicing journey, think about what types of produce you will be juicing. Then pick a juicer that will satisfy most of your juicing needs.

We will help you start by introducing the types of juicers, where they excel, and where they come a bit short:

Type of Juicer Why To Buy Why To Avoid
Horizontal Masticating – Less expensive that vertical masticating juicers
– Great at juicing leafy greens
– Low oxidation of juice which preserves flavor and nutrients
– Doesn’t juice soft fruits and vegetables very well
Vertical Masticating – Better than Horizontal juicers at juicing soft fruits and vegetables
– Faster than Horizontal juicers
– Larger chutes means less prep work
– Low oxidation of juice which preserves flavor and nutrients
– Not as good as juicing leafy greens as horizontal varieties
– More expensive than horizontal juicers
Juice Press – Produce the greatest yields of juice
– Least oxidation of any juicer
– Superior taste relative to any juicer
– By far the most expensive option
Centrifugal – Least expensive option
– Fastest juicers on the market
– Greatest amount of oxidation and nutrient loss
Juice doesn’t store for very long
Twin Gear – Better nutritional extraction than masticating juicers
– Superior flavor of juice relative to masticating juicers
– More expensive than masticating juicers

Masticating Juicers (AKA Slow Juicers and Cold-Press Juicers)

Masticating juicers are also known as slow juicers and cold-press juicers. This is because they work slowly to produce an efficient yield of juice. Also, they don’t produce the amount of heat that centrifugal juicers do. The slower speed and reduced heat subjects the juice to less oxidation. This results in a more nutritious and flavorful juice.

As a masticating juicer works by crushing produce that is then is passed along a multiple-stage auger. The auger squeezes the juice through a screen where it then falls into a catch. They are referred to as masticating juicers because the process of extracting juice is like a chewing, or masticating, action.

Vertical and Horizontal Masticating Juicers

To make matters even more confusing, there are two types of masticating juicers: vertical and horizontal.

Vertical Masticating Juicers

Vertical Juicers work a little faster than their horizontal siblings. Also, because the chutes of these juicers tend to be winder, less chopping and prep work is typically required.

Vertical masticating juicers tend to be the more expensive option, but they are better at extracting juice from softer fruits and vegetables. If you will be juicing a lot of pineapple or mango, for example, you probably want to spring for a vertical masticating juicer.

vertical masticating juicer
Vertical Slow Juicer
Horizontal Masticating Juicers

Horizontal juicers have smaller chutes and thus means more chopping and prep work is required. They have been around longer than horizontal juicers and are the more affordable option. They are also superior at juicing leafy greens and wheatgrass.

They aren’t the best at juicing soft fruits. Sometimes, soft fruit like pineapple can clog a horizontal juicer. If this happens, you’ll have to break your juicer apart to clean it out before resuming.

If you are primarily juicing firmer fruits and vegetables and only occasionally juicing soft fruit like pineapple, a horizontal masticating juicer is the way to go.

horizontal masticating juicer
Horizontal Masticating Juicer

Juice Press

Juice Presses are juicers that utilize either a pneumatic or hydraulic press to literally squeeze juice out of produce. These juicers also chop and grind your produce to a pulp before the juice is separated from the pulp with the press. Juice presses are superior in the following ways:

  • They produce the greatest yields of juice
  • Juice incurs less oxidation
  • Less oxidation means the juice will last longer and have the highest quality taste
hydraulic juice press
Hydraulic Juice Press

These superior results come as a cost, however. Juice presses are the most expensive types of juicers on the market.

Centrifugal Juicers – Fast Juicers

Centrifugal juicers are sometimes referred to as fast juicers. They are much faster than masticating juicers. Centrifugal juicers work by slicing the produce and separating the juice using centrifugal force and a mesh screen.

These juicers produce considerably more heat than masticating juicers. Increased heat means your juice is subjected to more oxidation. This has negative consequences on flavor, nutrient value, and shelf life.

A centrifugal juicer - Breville Juice Fountain Elite
A Centrifugal Juicer

Centrifugal juicers do not require much prep work. Some juicers come with chutes so large you can place an entire apple into the juicer. They tend to be more lightweight and require less counterspace than other types of juicers. Centrifugal juicers are easy to clean and are more affordable than other types of juicers.

If you find yourself very short on time, have no need to store your juice for days, or need an inexpensive juicer to get started, centrifugal juicers are a good option.

Twin Gear Juicers

Twin gear juicers are similar to the masticating juicers described above. The biggest difference is that twin gear juicers utilize a double-auger design. Juice is extracted by pulling and chewing and crushing the produce. The juice from the produce is then passed through a screen and into a catch.

A twin gear juicer is considered a slow, cold-press juicer. The nutritional value derived in the juice is better than even a masticating juicer. However, some models may produce a juice that has an elevated concentration of pulp.

a twin gear juicer
This is a twin gear or triturating juicer

These juicers are also relatively expensive. But if you want juice with a superior flavor and nutritional value, give twin gear juicers a look.

Why juice, why not just consume raw fruits and vegetables?

When you juice, you are able to get more variety into your diet. Think about it, if you were to consume three to four cups of kale, three large carrots, one green apple, a few celery stalks, and a cup or two of spinach leaves—you would probably feel a little sick after eating it.

However, you can juice those same items and easily drink it in one to two servings.

Are smoothies healthier than juices?

There difference between juicing and blending all boils down to the pulp content. If you want to take advantage of insoluble fibers then smoothies are the way to go but if you simply want to complement a healthy drink for your meal then you need a glass of freshly pressed juice.

You can still get fibers with it the form of soluble fibers. Soluble fiber aids our system by absorbing water and turning into more of a gel-like substance.

It moderates blood glucose levels and lowers cholesterol by binding the fatty acids together to slow the total digestion time.

Both practices are equally healthy and the best part is you can do both. If you want to learn more about the difference between the two, read my article on juicing vs blending.

How to juice?

Everyone can benefit from juicing in two ways—juice feast or juice fasting.

Juice Feast

Juice feast simply means you’ll include a healthy glass of fresh juice with your usual meal. This increases your nutritional intake of vitamins and antioxidants that provide boosts to your energy levels, strengthens your immune system, and helps you maintain your weight.

Antioxidants slow and repair oxidative damage from the free radicals affecting our bodies. The health issues that arise from these radicals include heart disease, cancer, diabetes and macular degeneration and a long list of other diseases.

Juice Fast

Juice fast (a.k.a. juice cleanse or juice detox) helps you flush out the buildup of toxins in your body and waste from your digestive system.

There are 3-day, 5-day, 7-day, and 10-day juice cleanse plans out there that you can follow, however you need consult your doctor as it’s contraindicated for pregnant mothers and diabetics.

The good news is juice feasting is for everyone.

How to Start Juicing

Before you start juicing, you’ll need just 4 things:

1. A Good Juicer

The best type of juicer should be able to process a wide variety of produce such as soft fruits, hard vegetables, leafy greens including wheatgrass and it’s a plus if it can help you prepare soy and almond milk.

Cold press juicers can do just that. If you need help on choosing the best juicer then read my juicer buying guide.

2. Juicing Recipes

You can’t throw a bunch of stuff together and expect it to taste delicious. That’s where recipes come into play.

You also have to remember that some items juice better than others.

To help you, we’ve begun curating juice recipes based on healing properties and ingredients.

3. Storage

To maintain the freshness and taste of your juice you’ll also be needing a decent container unless you’ll drink it right away.

Airtight glass containers are the best option because it doesn’t contain Bisphenol A (BPA), a toxic substance found in plastic.

For more information on your storage options read my article on how to store freshly pressed juices.

4. Motivation

You must be motivated and willing to make the necessary changes to your life to adopt a healthier lifestyle. It takes time, patience, and discipline.

One tip: don’t think of juicing as something you are going to do. Doing something requires effort and thinking in this way eventually exhausts your energy and leads you astray. Think of it as part of who you are. You juice because you are a healthy person. You juice because you want to supplement your already healthy diet with even more vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.

Say this to yourself: I am a healthy person, and as such, juicing is part of who I am.

Discipline is the most important. There will be days when you don’t feel like pulling everything out, washing and juicing the produce, then clean everything up.

You may want to resort to an old habit because you want to be lazy that day, but as someone who has fallen off of the wagon before—it’s not worth it.

One day turns into an entire week or longer. You will definitely feel more sluggish and less motivated when you are not taking in the nutrients you receive when you consume fresh juice.

I like feeling energized and simply good overall.

Miscellaneous Tips

  • You’re better off peeling your carrots. Unpeeled carrots sometimes create a bitter taste to your juice.
  • Try to use organic produce as much as possible.
  • Always alternate harder produce with softer pieces.
  • Remove the peeling from citrus.
  • Remove large pits from items such as cherries. Also, it is best to remove apple seeds.
  • Cut your produce into manageable sizes. Your juicer will thank you. For example, cut celery, carrots, and kale into smaller pieces so as not to overstrain the motor.
  • You can add many spices, such as ginger, cardamom, pepper, parsley, and turmeric, to your fresh juices to give them a kick. Not only do they spice up your juice, they have additional health benefits.
  • You cannot juice bananas or avocadoes, but you can blend it with your juice once you’re finished juicing.
  • Drink your juice on an empty stomach and don’t forget to chew!
  • When fasting, don’t go overboard in the exercising department.
  • The taste of fresh juice versus bottled or canned juice will always be different.

FAQs

Should I speak with my physician before I began juicing?

Any time you begin a new diet regimen, especially if you are planning on fasting, you should speak with your doctor. If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or suffer from other serious health issues, always consult with your doctor before making any changes.

How much juice do I need to consume throughout the day?

It really depends on your goal. When fasting, you should drink about 24 ounces every couple of hours.

However, as long as you’re sticking with mainly a green juice, then you can drink more if you want. Listen to your body and make sure to consume lots of water during your fast.

If you’re supplementing by feasting, then feel free to drink between 10 to 24 ounces before each meal. This reduces the amount of food you eat during mealtime.

If you are new and feel a little apprehensive, drink two or three servings of 10 to 16 ounces each day.

When should I drink my juice?

The best time to drink your juice is before a meal and on an empty stomach.

I’ve read that juicing is just a weight loss fad, is this true?

Juicing can help you with your weight loss goals, but it is not a miracle worker. You will have to throw an exercise routine in there.

You begin to adopt a healthier lifestyle when you juice every day. You’ll become more conscious about your food choices, quantity of food you eat, and you will lose those cravings for unhealthy foods that cause many individuals to gain and retain weight.

It’s not a fad because juicing leads you to a healthier way of living, but if you want to lose weight, you must work for it.

Which items should I avoid juicing?

Apple seeds, carrot tops, papaya peels, citrus (orange/grapefruit) rinds, and wild parsnips cannot be juiced.

I do not like pulp in my juice. How do I remove it?

Use a sieve to separate the remaining pulp from your juice. If your juicer did not come with one, run down to the local market and pick up one. Any type will work just fine.

What is the foam that forms at the top of my juice?

It is simply juice that has become fluffed up by mixing with the air. The faster the produce is juiced; the more foam tends to be produced.

It’s harmless and you can simply strain it or scoop it off the top if you do not want to drink it.

Is it OK to mix vegetables and fruit?

Absolutely. In fact, it is recommended that you mix your recipes with both every day. Aim for all the colors of the rainbow.

Someone said that juicing could make you sick because of live parasites on raw food. Is this true?

While it is true that even organic raw foods can contain bacteria that might make you sick, you have to properly clean your produce prior to juicing it.

Some use vegetable washes after soaking their produce. Others use bleach diluted in water.

There are other options such as an ozone generator or an automatic produce washer. Honestly, a healthy person with a good immune system will be able to handle a few parasites and bacteria.

If it still bothers you, then purchase a good parasite cleanser.

How long will my juice keep in the refrigerator?

This depends on the type of juicer you used and storage methods. Generally, slow juicers produce juice that can be kept up to 72 hours.

Fast juicers produce juice that will break down within 24 hours. I normally drink my juices by the end of the day or the next morning, but definitely within 24 hours.

Can I freeze my juice?

Yes, but a great deal of essential nutrients and enzymes is lost in the freezing/thawing process. It is always best to drink your juice as soon as possible.

What is the best storage method for my juice?

Use an airtight glass container. Fill it to the brim to push out as much air from the container as possible. As soon as you pull it out and reopen it, drink it as soon as possible.

$200 for a juicer is currently out of my budget, any recommendations?

A cheap juicer is better than not having a juicer at all. Another tip, you can find many used juicers on places like Craigslist or eBay for really low prices.

Sometimes, people are willing to part with them for lower than the listed price. Send them an offer. The worst that they can do is decline.

Can I replace eating with juicing permanently?

Of course you cannot replace eating with juicing permanently. Juicing is intended to supplement your diet and does not contain all of the nutrients you need to maintain optimal health levels.

You need to eat a balanced diet with foods that contain fiber, fat, and protein, in order to achieve that. Maintaining a delicate balance is what living a healthy life is about and if you replace it entirely with juicing, then you are upsetting that balance.


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