Types of Juicers

The Different Types of Juicers & The Pros & Cons of Each

Needing to add more fruits and veggies to your diet? There is no better or more delicious way than consuming freshly squeezed juice. I won’t go into all the benefits of juicing, but if you want more information, check out our Juicing 101 article.


Table of Contents

Types of Juicers | Vertical Masticating | Horizontal Masticating | Press | Centrifugal | Twin Gear | FAQs


As you already know, there are many juicers on the market. But when you are buying a juicer, the many options causes confusion. Like many things, the best juicer for you depends upon your own needs, desires, and budget.

By the end of this article, you’ll know the difference between slow juicers, high speed juicers, and every other type as well. You’ll also be aware of the pros and cons of each.

Different Types of Juice Extractor

Each type of juicer excels in certain categories and with certain types of produce. As you begin your juicing journey, think about what types of produce you will be juicing. Then pick a juicer that will satisfy most of your juicing needs.

We will help you start by introducing the types of juicers, where they excel, and where they fall short:

Type of JuicerProsCons
Horizontal Masticating Juicer
Horizontal Masticating
✅ Less expensive than vertical masticating juicers
✅ Better at juicing leafy vegetables
✅ Low oxidation of juice which preserves flavor and nutrients
🚫 Doesn’t juice soft fruits and vegetables very well
Vertical Masticating Juicer
Vertical Masticating
✅ Better than Horizontal juicers at juicing soft fruits and vegetables
✅ Faster than Horizontal juicers
✅ Larger chutes means less prep work
✅ Low oxidation of juice which preserves flavor and nutrients
🚫 Not as good as juicing leafy greens as horizontal varieties
🚫 More expensive than horizontal juicers
Hydraulic Press Juicer
Juice Press
✅ Produce the greatest yields of juice
✅ Least oxidation of any juicer
✅ Superior taste relative to any juicer
🚫 By far the most expensive option
A centrifugal juicer - Breville Juice Fountain Elite
Centrifugal
✅ Least expensive option
✅ Fastest juicers on the market
🚫 Greatest amount of oxidation and nutrient loss
🚫 Juice doesn’t store for very long
twin gear juicer
Twin Gear
✅ Better nutritional extraction than masticating juicers
✅ Superior flavor of juice relative to masticating juicers
🚫 More expensive than masticating juicers
Steam Juicer
Steam Juicer
✅ Longest storage time of any type of juicer
✅ Very quiet process
🚫 Beneficial nutrients are destroyed in the process
🚫 Not good at juicing dense produce
Pros & Cons of the different types of juicers.

Masticating Juicers (AKA Slow Juicers and Cold Pressed Juicers)

cold press juicer
A cold press juicer in action

Masticating juicers are also known as slow juicers and cold-press juicers. Anything with an RPM of 200 and below are cold press juicing machines or slow juicers.

Cold Press Juicers are the exact opposite of centrifugal juicers. They are slow but highly efficient at extracting juice from any type of produce. In theory, they don’t produce heat, hence the word cold press. Instead of grinding down fruits and vegetables in a high RPM environment, it slowly crushes or presses the produce to separate the juice from the pulp.

However, there’s a grey area in the word cold press. All types of juicers emit some degree of heat, but not to the extent that will cause nutrients to break down. What makes Cold Press Juicer Machines more efficient lies in the slow juice extraction process.

It can go as slow as 30 RPM. Yes, it is slow, but it limits the oxidation of nutrients and minerals. That is why you can store a cold-pressed juice for up to three days.

Baby Food
Many models of masticating juicers have attachments that help make baby food puree, pasta, and bread sticks.

As a masticating juicer works by crushing produce that is then passed along a multiple-stage auger. The auger squeezes the juice through a screen where it then falls into a catch. We call them masticating juicers because the process of extracting juice is like a chewing, or masticating, action.

Pros
Can juice all types of produce be it dense, citruses, soft fruits, leafy greens
72-hour juice shelf life
Superb nutrient retention and juice yield
Decade long warranty coverage
Quiet
Easy to use and clean
Can perform other food processing functions

Cons

Slow juice extraction time
Many have small chutes, requiring a lot of prep time
More expensive that centrifugal models

Slow juice presses are best for making green juices, celery juices, or any basic juice recipes. In short, they are the best type of electric juicer. Apart from being a great juicing companion, Cold Press Juicers can also be your very own food processor.

Some models can make soy or almond milk, and healthy frozen desserts. Some slow juicers are capable of extruding pasta or breadsticks. Some have an attachment for grinding beans or mincing food into a puree or sauce, etc.

Here’s where it can get confusing. Masticating Juicers have subtypes—vertical masticating & horizontal masticating. Even twin gear juicers are, technically, masticating juicers. But we will break them out separate for the purposes of this post.

Vertical and Horizontal Masticating Juicers

types of masticating juicers
Horizontal Masticating Juicer, Vertical Masticating Juicer, & Whole Slow Juicer (another version of a vertical masticating juicer)

To make matters more confusing, there are two types of masticating juicers. They are the vertical and horizontal masticating juicers.

Masticating juicers are sometimes referred to as cold press juicers. This because the juice is slowly pressed out of the produce with an auger. This generates the smallest amount of heat relative to other juicers.

Horizontal Masticating Juicers

Traditional Masticating Juicers are designed horizontally, much like a meat grinder. But, instead of grinding, it slowly crushes pieces of fruits and vegetables through a multi-stage auger. The juicing screw has several grooves designed to cut and apply an increasing amount of pressure to the produce, until it squeezes the juice out of the pulp. The juice exits the juicer through the screen and the dry pulp exits out the end of the juicer.

The slowness of this process means less heat is produced and less oxidation of the juice occurs. This preserves the flavor and the nutrients in the juice.

They have been around longer than horizontal juicers and are the more affordable option. They are also superior at juicing leafy greens and wheatgrass.

The Juice Cube is a Horizontal Masticating Type of Juicer
The Omega Juice Cube Horizontal Masticating Juicer

They aren’t the best at juicing soft fruits. Sometimes, soft fruit like pineapple can clog a horizontal juicer. If this happens, you’ll have to break your juicer apart to clean it out before resuming.

If you are primarily juicing firmer fruits and vegetables, a horizontal masticating juicer is the way to go.

A horizontal masticating juicer's auger

The auger in a horizontal masticating juicer is what pushes the produce against a screen, which separates the juice from the produce.

Horizontal Masticating Juicers Pros & Cons
Pros
More affordable than vertical masticating juicers
Low oxidation of juice
Produces very flavorful juice
Low nutrient loss
List Optimized for juicing leafy greens
Most can puree, extrude pasta, grind beans, & make nut milk
Cons
Does not juice soft produce like pineapple very well
Easily becomes clogged with soft produce
Not as fast as centrifugal juicers

See our Reviews for the Best Horizontal Masticating Juicers →

Vertical Masticating Juicers (aka Vertical Slow Juicers)

Vertical Masticating Juicers work the same way but in an upright fashion. This new design has a major advantage, it’s more compact and portable. You don’t need a big counter space when you’re using a vertical slow juicer.

Vertical Juicers are still considered slow juicers. But they work faster than their horizontal siblings. Also, because the chutes of these juicers tend to be winder, they need less chopping and prep work.

vertical masticating type of juicer
Vertical Slow Juicer

Vertical masticating juicers are more expensive than horizontal ones. But they are better at extracting juice from softer fruits and vegetables. If you juice pineapple or mango, for example, you probably want to spring for a vertical masticating juicer.

A vertical masticating juicer's winged tip auger

This the winged tip auger inside a vertical masticating juicer’s juicing chamber. The winged tip profile is designed to cut fruits and vegetables.

Whole Slow Juicers

Whole Slow Juicers, on the other hand, are Vertical Masticating Juicers with an oversized feeding chute. They are sometimes as big as centrifugal juice extractors (3 in).

Whole slow juicers can process a whole apple without you having to chop it up. But you still need to cut most of the produce into a specific length and shape.

This unique profile makes them the Best Juicer for Celery.

A whole slow juicer's auger and chute
This cone-shaped Ultem auger is designed to crush a whole apple
Vertical Masticating Juicers Pros & Cons
Pros
Superior juicing of soft produce like pineapple
Usually have large chutes which require less chopping & prep work
Low oxidation of juice
Produces very flavorful juice
Low nutrient loss
Cons
Not as fast as centrifugal juicers
Expensive

Hydraulic Juice Press

hydraullic juice press
A.) Pure Juicer – A hydraulic juice press with a two stage juicing process. B.) The Grinder – This is the grinder, the first step in a two-stage juicer. You might need to catch the shredded produce with a pressing bag. C.) The Pressing Plate – This handles the second and final step—juice extraction.

Technically speaking, Hydraulic Juice Presses are the real cold press juicers. It’s the only genuine ‘press’ in this list. As the name suggests, it makes use of hydraulic force to extract juice from fruits and vegetables.

If Twin Gear Juicers are a notch higher when it comes to juice extraction efficiency and nutrient retention, hydraulic juice presses are definitely on a different level. That is why it’s the top choice of the Gerson Institute’s strict diet therapy (not endorsed by Juicing Journal).

These superior results come as a cost. Juice presses are the most expensive types of juicers on the market.

Juice Presses utilize a pneumatic or hydraulic press to squeeze juice out of produce. They also chop and grind your produce to a pulp before it separates it from the juice with the press.

Pros & Cons of Hydraulic Juice Presses
Pros
Lowest oxidation of any juicer
Superior flavor preservation of any juicer
Lowest nutrient loss of any juicer
Highest juice yield of any juicer
Juice lasts a for several days when refrigerated
Cons
Very expensive
Complex juicing process

See Our Reviews on the Best Hydraulic Press Juicers

Centrifugal Juicers – Fast Juicers

centrifugal juicers
A.) Breville Juice Fountain Elite – A Centrifugal Juicer, B.) Mesh/filter Basket – This is what grinds the produce inside the juicing chamber of high-speed juice extractors, C.) 3in Feeding Chute – Centrifugal juicing machines feature an large feeding chute, big enough to accommodate a whole apple and other produce which can fit a 3″ diameter

Centrifugal Juicers or High-Speed Juice Extractors grind the produce to separate the juice from the pulp. It has a mesh/filter basket (see picture above), which can spin up to 15,000 RPM. That’s fast enough to juice a whole apple in just a few seconds.

They are sometimes referred to as fast juicers. They are much faster than masticating juicers. Centrifugal juicers slice the produce and separate the juice using centrifugal force. The centrifugal force pushes the juice through a mesh screen, filtering out the pulp.

These juicers produce more heat than masticating juicers. Increased heat subjects your juice to more oxidation. This has negative consequences on flavor, nutrient value, and shelf life.

Centrifugal juicers do not need much prep work. Some juicers come with chutes so large you can place an entire apple into the juicer. They tend to be more lightweight and require less counter space than other types of juicers.

They clean up quicker than almost any other juicer. Many models have parts that are dishwasher safe.

Centrifugal juicers are best for those who are short on time, have no need to store juice for days, and don’t want to spend a lot of money on a juicer.

Pros & Cons of Centrifugal Juicers
Pros
Best at juicing dense produce, citruses, & soft fruits
Easy to use and clean
Lost cost
Low prep work (chopping & cutting) required
Light weight
Most need little counter space
Cons
High oxidation means low, 24-hour juice shelf life
Noisy
Not ideal for making green juices
Large parts mean more surface area to clean

See Our Reviews for the Best Centrifugal Juicers →

Twin Gear Juicers

a twin gear juicer
A.) Super Angel Juicer – A stainless stell twin gear juice extractor, B.) Twin Gears – These are the two gears that power a triturating juicer

Twin Gear Juice Presses or Triturating Juicers are also considered cold press juicing machines. They are similar to the masticating juicers described above but with two gears. These augers rotate inwardly with a gap as thin as a single strand of hair, making it even more efficient than than the masticating type. Some are equipped with a cooling system and advanced nutrient-preserving technology.

They extract juice by pulling, chewing, and crushing the produce between the twin gears. The juice from the produce is then passed through a screen and into a catch.

The nutritional value derived in the juice is better than even a masticating juicer. But some models may produce a juice that has an elevated concentration of pulp.

These juicers are also expensive. But if you want juice with a superior flavor and nutritional value, give twin gear juicers a look.

Pros & Cons of Twin Gear Juicers
Pros
Superior juice extraction efficiency and nutrient retention
Top end models are equipped with a cooling system and advanced juicing technology
Great at juicing any type of produce
Most have extra food processing functions
Produces a high yield of juice
Low heat and oxidation of juice
Juice can be refrigerated for up to 72 hours
Cons
Slow juice extraction time
Expensive
Narrow feeding chute
Steep learning curve
Generates more pulp than with other types of juicers

See Our Reviews for the Best Twin Gear Triturating Juicers →

Steam Juicers

My team and I don’t really focus on steam juicers here at Juicing Journal. It is certainly a different animal. Juicing with steam juicers requires a lot of heat, which destroys a lot of the healthy nutrients you’d otherwise get from drinking fresh juice.

The only reason I mention it here in passing is because, technically, steam juicers are a type of juicer. Steamed juice can be stored on the shelf at room temperature for a long time if stored properly.

We are by no means experts with steam juicers. If you want to learn more about how to use one, head over to Delishably.

Bonus: Functional Juicer Extractors

Juice Extractors that serve a single purpose are functional juicers—citrus presses and wheatgrass juicers. Think of this third classification as a bonus juicer type. These are rarely needed if you already have a centrifugal or cold press juicer.

Wheat Grass Juicers

wheat grass juicer
A.) Manual wheatgrass juicer B.) Electric wheatgrass juicer

A Manual Wheatgrass Juicer typically looks like a horizontal masticating juicer without the motor. Your hand will dictate the RPM. If you’re really into wheatgrass juice, you could get an electric model. Or better yet, just pick any of the slow juicers recommended in this guide.

Citrus Juicers

citrus juicers
A.) Citrus reamer B.) Handheld lemon squeezer C.) Manual citrus juicer D.) Electric citrus juicer E.) Mechanical citrus press F.) Squeezing lemon by hand

A Citrus Juicer can take many forms depending on your purpose. A handheld lemon squeezer is perfect for juicing small quantities of citruses. Let’s say you want to finish off your dish with a little bit of acidity.

If you want to drink a glass of orange juice, you would need either a manual or an electric citrus juicer. Unless you have a business that requires juicing hundreds of lemons per day, owning a mechanical citrus press wouldn’t be practical.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Much Do Vertical Masticating Juicers Cost?

If you go with a vertical masticating juicer, you’ll be going with a device that’s on the higher end of the juicing scale. They aren’t as expensive as hydraulic press juicers, which can cost thousands of dollars. But they aren’t cheap, either.
On the low end, you can get a vertical masticating juicer for the high $100s. But for a good model, you’ll need to spend $450 – $550.

How Much Do Horizontal Masticating Juicers Cost?

A horizontal masticating juicer is a moderately priced device. You can find a low-end model in the high $100 range. A high-end horizontal masticating juicer can cost you upwards of $400+. But you’ll find plenty of options in the $250 – $350 range.

How Much Does A Hydraulic Juice Press Cost?

Be prepared to spend A LOT on a hydraulic juice press. The crème de la crème of hydraulic Juice Presses, the Pure Juicer, can cost anywhere from $2000 – $2600 as of this writing.

How Much Do Centrifugal Juicers Cost?

Centrifugal juicers are the most affordable option for at-home juicing. If you are on a tight budget, you can get an inexpensive centrifugal juicer for under $100 on Amazon. Mid-priced units will be in the $100 – $200 range with higher-end units selling for more.

How Much Do Twin Gear Juicers Cost?

The twin gear (triturating) juicers have the widest price range. You can get a very low-end twin gear juicer for around $400. Higher-end machines can go up to $2,000.

How many types of juicers are there?

Depending upon how you classify them, there are 6 types of juicers: Vertical Masticating, Horizontal Masticating, Centrifugal (Fast), Twin Gear, Press, and functional juicers like citrus juicers and wheat grass juicers.
Press-style juicers are the only true cold press juicer because they impart no heat on the juice. However, because masticating and twin gear juicers also impart almost no heat, they are often referred to as cold press juicers as well.

How should I choose the best juicer for me?

Because each type of juicer is stronger or weaker at juicing different types of produce, pick a juicer based on the type of produce you’ll juice the most.
For example, if you are primarily juicing carrots, beets, and ginger, a horizontal masticating juicer is a great pick. If you want to juice softer produce like pineapple or cucumber, centrifugal juicers or horizontal masticating juicers make great choices.
Read the content above and look closely at the pros and cons of each type of juicer to help make a decision.

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